Understanding how to Administering Oral Tablet and Liquid Medications

Marketing Dept., | 5 min read
Marketing Dept., | 5 min read

Administering oral medications correctly is crucial for effective treatment and patient safety. This involves understanding the different forms of medications, appropriate preparation techniques, and accurate administration methods.

What is Oral Medication Administration?

Oral medication administration involves giving pharmaceutical drugs by mouth in a safe and effective manner. This process includes the preparation of the medication, ensuring the correct dosage and form, delivery to the patient, and proper documentation of the administration. It encompasses different forms of medications, such as tablets, capsules, and liquids, and requires careful adherence to protocols to ensure patient safety and therapeutic efficacy.

For more detailed information, visit JoVE's page on Oral Medication Administration.

Types of Oral Medications

Oral medications come in various forms, including tablets, capsules, and liquids. Each type requires specific handling and administration techniques to ensure proper dosage and effectiveness.

Preparing Oral Medications

  1. Tablets and Capsules: Ensure the correct dosage by checking the medication label against the prescription. Some tablets may need to be split or crushed, but only if specified.
  2. Liquid Medications: Shake the bottle well if indicated, and measure the dose using an appropriate measuring device, such as a syringe or a medicine cup.

Administering Oral Medications

  1. Tablets and Capsules: Offer a glass of water to the patient to assist in swallowing. Confirm that the patient has swallowed the medication.
  2. Liquid Medications: Administer the liquid slowly, ensuring the patient swallows each dose before giving more.

Safety Tips and Best Practices

  1. Double-Check: Always double-check the medication, dose, and patient identity before administration.
  2. Documentation: Record the administration of the medication in the patient’s medical record immediately after giving the dose.
  3. Patient Education: Explain the purpose of the medication to the patient and any potential side effects to watch for.

Curiosities and Best Practices

  1. Timing: Some medications need to be taken at specific times relative to meals. Always check the instructions.
  2. Storage: Proper storage of medications is essential to maintain their efficacy. Follow the guidelines provided with the medication.
  3. Interaction: Be aware of potential interactions with other medications the patient may be taking.


Proper preparation and administration of oral medications are vital for patient health and treatment success. By following best practices and safety guidelines, healthcare providers can ensure medications are given correctly and effectively.

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