Serological Pipette and How to Use It: Practical Lab Examples

Marketing Dept., | 8 min read
Marketing Dept., | 8 min read

A serological pipette is a common laboratory instrument used for accurately measuring and transferring liquid volumes. These pipettes are typically made of glass or plastic and come in various sizes, ranging from 1 mL to 50 mL. In this blog post, we will review how they are essential tools in biological, chemical, and medical laboratories, facilitating precise liquid handling for experiments and procedures.

What is Serological Pipette: Components and Types 

Serological pipettes consist of a long, graduated tube with a tapered tip. The graduations allow for precise measurement of liquid volumes. There are two main types of serological pipettes:

  1. Blow-Out Pipettes: These pipettes are designed to dispense the total volume by expelling the last drop of liquid using a pipette controller or bulb.
  2. To-Deliver Pipettes: These pipettes deliver the volume indicated by the graduations, with the last drop remaining in the pipette.

How to Use a Serological Pipette?

Using a serological pipette involves several steps to ensure accuracy and precision:

  1. Select the Appropriate Pipette: Choose a pipette with a volume range suitable for the amount of liquid you need to transfer.
  2. Attach a Pipette Controller or Bulb: Insert the pipette into a pipette controller or a rubber bulb. This device will help you draw and dispense liquids.
  3. Aspirate the Liquid: Place the pipette tip into the liquid and slowly release the bulb or controller to draw the liquid up to the desired volume mark. Ensure the pipette is vertical to avoid air bubbles.
  4. Dispense the Liquid: Position the pipette over the receiving container and gently squeeze the controller or bulb to dispense the liquid. For blow-out pipettes, expel the last drop to ensure the correct volume is transferred.
  5. Rinse and Repeat: If transferring multiple aliquots, rinse the pipette with the new solution between transfers to avoid cross-contamination.

Practical Lab Examples

Here are some practical lab examples showcasing the use of serological pipettes in various laboratory settings:

1. Cell Culture Work: In cell culture laboratories, serological pipettes are used to transfer media, cell suspensions, and reagents. For example, when splitting cells, a serological pipette can accurately measure and transfer the appropriate volume of cell suspension to new culture flasks.

2. Preparing Solutions:Serological pipettes are essential for preparing solutions with precise concentrations. For instance, when making a buffer solution, a serological pipette ensures the accurate addition of each component, maintaining the desired pH and ionic strength.

3. Performing Serial Dilutions:Serial dilutions are a common technique in microbiology and biochemistry. Serological pipettes facilitate the precise dilution of samples, ensuring accurate concentration gradients for experiments such as MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) testing.

JoVE Resources for Serological Pipettes

JoVE (Journal of Visualized Experiments) offers a variety of instructional videos and articles demonstrating the use of serological pipettes in different laboratory settings. These resources provide visual and practical insights into techniques, ensuring proper usage and enhancing understanding.


Serological pipettes are indispensable tools in the laboratory, providing accuracy and precision in liquid handling. Understanding their types, components, and proper usage is crucial for successful lab work. Utilizing resources like JoVE can further enhance your skills and ensure best practices in the laboratory. By mastering the use of serological pipettes, researchers can achieve reliable and reproducible results, contributing to the success of their experiments and advancing scientific knowledge.

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